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Kazanluk


THE TOWN OF ROSES



»town history  »nowadays  »must-see

The air in Kazanluk bears the fragrance of flowers. The vicinity of the town has been turned into wonderful rich gardens where grow the world famous roses for extracting the invaluable rose oil.

Kazanluk coat-of-arms











Kazanluk, rose-picking season

Town history

The first established settlement on the territory of Kazanluk dated back to 5th - 4th millennia BC. It is during the 6th - 5th centuries BC when the Thracian city Seuthopolis emerged. Named after the Thracian king Seuthes III, who ruled in the 4th century BC, now the remnants of the Thracian capital of the Odrysian kingdom are under the waters of Koprinka dam (7 km from Kazanluk).

Kazanluk, The Thracian king Seuthes III (4th century BC)

There are remnants of numerous heathen temples and burial mounds of the great Thracian civilisation in the valley of Kazanluk (called Valley of the Thracian kings), with more than 500 around Kazanluk alone. Hundreds of gold, silver, bronze and clay Thracian artefacts have been found in the area, becoming part of the world cultural heritage.

The heir to the ancient Seuthopolis, the present-day town of Kazanluk was established at the beginning of the 15th century.

The oil-yielding rose was imported in Bulgaria in the 18th century from the Near East and found the most favourable conditions for growing in the valley between the Balkan (Stara Planina) and Sredna Gora mountain ranges - the worldwide famous Valley of Roses.

By the end of 19th century Kazanluk became well-known with its production of rose oil, copper processing & products, and with its original textiles.

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Nowadays

Kazanluk, panorama view

The town of Kazanluk (63,000 residents) is located in the eastern part of the Valley of roses. Here is the natural geographic center of Bulgaria - a crossing of the inner and the international roads.

In 2007 the Seuthopolis project to fully rediscover the ancient Thracian city was presented, and an international campaign started by the 'Treasure the Bulgarian Heritage' National Union, for

Kazanluk, Seuthopolis National Initiative - plan of the city and the surrounding structure

the restoration and conservation of the archaeological finds. Once the projects completes there is much hope that the region would become an international hub of tourism.

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Must-see

The wealthy Thracian civilization of the valley of Tonzos (now Toundja river) has left the world more than 15 burial tombs by now. The most famous among them are the Kazanluk Thracian Tomb (UNESCO World Heritage Site), and the Thracian tomb of king Seuthus III (4th century BC) in Goliama Kosmatka mound (5th - 3rd centuries BC). A temple used for Thracian Orphic cult rituals, in early 3rd centurys BC it was transformed into a burial tomb for king Seuthus III. The tombs offer unique insight into the life of the ancient Thracians.

The Museum of the Rose (1969) is unique of its kind in the world. It explains the history and the technology for the production of the attar of roses. The museum is a tourist hot spot in the focus of attention during the annual Rose Festival - an old tradition from 1903 and the most colourful event in the Town of roses.

The History museum's most impressive expositions are the finds of Seuthopolis and of some of the Thracian tombs from the Valley of the Thracian Kings.

The Art gallery (1901), one of the oldest art galleries in Bulgaria, exhibits 17-19th century works.

The Ethnographic museum gives an idea of the life in the 19th century, with examples of traditional local crafts - violin-making, coppersmith's trade and walnut oil extraction, a collection of farming tools and a working rose oil primitive distillery. The architecture and the house arrangement are typical for the sub-balkan region.

The Shipka Memorial church is located only 12 km north of Kazanluk. Designed in 17th-century Russian church architecture style, the memorial honours the Russian and Bulgarian soldiers killed at Shipka Pass (1877-78).



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Kazanluk, The Thracian tomb frescoes (4th century BC)

Kazanluk, The Thracian tomb (4th century BC) Kazanluk, The Thracian tomb frescoes (4th century BC) Kazanluk, The Thracian tomb (4th century BC)
Kazanluk, The golden mask of king Seuthes III (4th century BC) Kazanluk, The golden wrath of king Seuthes III (4th century BC) Kazanluk, The Thracian tomb of king Seuthus III, fragment (5th -3rd centuries BC)
Kazanluk, Karuzzata tavern Kazanluk, The Shipka Memorial church (1902) Kazanluk, Valley of roses, rose bushes
Kazanluk, The Museum of the rose (1969) Kazanluk, The Ethnographic museum Kazanluk, Art gallery and History museum (1901)

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